In short, Keratoconus is a Cornea defect, in this shape of the cornea, became is different from normal.
Detailed, Keratoconus is an irregularity(thinner, dome-shaped) in the shape/structure of the cornea(outermost layer of our eye), As in Keratoconus cornea is not in its natural shape hence deflect the light that enters through it proper image does not form on the retina due to this the person having Keratoconus see a blurred image which may vary with the age and growth of the eye.
Keratoconus is actually a disease of the surface of the eye. The front surface is called the cornea and it’s like a clear window to the eye.
|Image Source: Google | Image by www.jpte.co.jp|
|Let’s understand Keratoconus with an eye diagram|
|Keratoconus Eye Vs Normal Eye|
Image Source- Flickr | Image by- Keratomania
|In the above diagram, one can clearly see the difference in the cornea in the case of Keratoconus and the cornea of the normal person.|
|Look at the above diagram, Normal eye is the front surface which is pretty but in the keratoconus cornea is again bulging out forming the shape of a cone and it actually is thinning so that’s basically what keratoconus Is.|
|Keratoconus is actually bilateral disease it happens in both eyes however it’s most likely asymmetric so for most people, it’ll be more advanced in one eye than the other but it generally does present in both eyes.|
What are the Different Stages of Keratoconus?
According to doctors, Keratoconus has different symptoms with age that are:
What are the causes of the Keratoconus?
Pro Tips to save your eyes from Keratoconus
A Pro-tip for everybody who has keratoconus or somebody who has really bad allergies of the eyes is eye rubbing so you’ve probably heard at some point the doctor says don’t rub on the eye really hard and the whole idea is that when you rub a really hard on your eye, you actually cause really kind of like these micro damages to the collagen fibers of the eye and when you cause the damage to the cornea there then those enzymes try to repair the damaged tissue and they actually end up causing it to get worse.
So, people who rub their eye really badly and they have keratoconus it may actually cause keratoconus to advance even faster so yeah if you’ve got keratoconus to try to do your best to stop rubbing your eye if you have bad allergies or something like that talk to your doctor about your allergy so you can get you on oral medications or eye drops or something that you can do to help control the itching and irritation.
What are the Treatments of Keratoconus?
One is going to be what’s called corneal cross-linking(C3R) so corneal cross-linking was approved in the United States here in 2016 it had been out much longer out in Europe in Europe and Canada but it’s actually a process where they use riboflavin which is Vitamin b2 and then they use ultraviolet A light (UVA) specifically to actually activate some cells on the surface of the eye and get them to strengthen.
|This is really kind of a revolutionary treatment especially for keratoconus because again the keratoconus is a progressive disease it actually gets worse over time but with corneal cross-linking you can basically stop it or at least slow it down from getting worse so this is basically kind of the first thing that comes to mind of most ophthalmologists.|
|Corneal cross-linking is done by a corneal specialist this is your ophthalmologist there’s you know every state usually has a couple of them.|
How this process of corneal cross-linking works?
Intra Corneal Ring Segments
In this, a plastic ring that’s actually put into the cornea and that actually causes the cornea to plateau out actually smoothes out the cone of the surface of the eye and that’s really to help reduce advancing problems with myopia or nearsightedness as well as really bad astigmatism because again you’re into the moderate and severe stages of keratoconus your astigmatism is so irregular that it causes problems with your vision and it’s difficult to get correction with glasses and contacts so if inter corneal ring segments.
Soft and Hard Contact Lenses(RGP Lenses)
|Another treatment that is good for you, your surgeon, your eye care professional will talk about that option is kind of getting more into people who have really mild keratoconus if you have really mild or moderate keratoconus the standard treatment is actually with glasses and contacts no we got a couple of contacts.|
|The soft contact lens for people with really mild keratoconus so you can still wear soft lenses and see very well.|
Another one is hard rigid gas permeable or our GP lens than our GP lenses actually work great because they mask a lot of the distortions of the surface of the eye from the keratoconus, There’s actually a specialty kind of hard lenses.
Best hospitals for C3R surgery in India: 2021
Spectra Eye Care Hospital
E-82-A, Greater Kailash-1, New Delhi, 110048
Max Hospital, Saket
Press Enclave Marg, Saket Institutional Area, Saket, New Delhi, Delhi 110017
011 2651 5050
Fortis Memorial Research Institute
Sector-44, Opposite HUDA City Centre, Gurugram, 122002
0124 716 2200
BLK Super Specialty Hospital
Pusa Rd, Radha Soami Salsang, Rajendra Place, 11005
011 3040 3040
Centre For Sight Eye Institute
Plot No.9, Dwarka Sector 9, 110075
011 4250 4250
Madhya Marg, Sector-12, 160012
0172 274 7585
Other Best Hospitals for C3R Surgery in India: 2021
C3R surgery cost in PGI Chandigarh: 2021
C3R average cost in private hospitals in India
Keratoconus: C3R surgery cost- United States